Encouraging results of Habitat action plan in SSNP
The Habitats Directive is the Directive on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (The Council Directive 92/43 / EEC on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora - "The Habitat Directive"). It was adopted by the Council of Ministers on 21st May 1992. The Directive has been amended several times, last in 1995 when Austria, Finland and Sweden joined.
The Directive is an aid and a guide in determining the status of natural habitats, as well as in the process of inventory of natural habitat types of Community interest which are vulnerable, endangered or disappearing in their natural environment.
In 2007, in the framework of regular monitoring in SSNP habitat types from the list of European regulation on the habitats were mapped. These habitat types are:
1140 Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide, 1310 Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand, 1410 Mediterranean salt meadows (Juncetalia maritimi), 1420 Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic salt marshes and salt meadows (Sarcocornetea fruticosi), 1130-Estuaries, 1320-Spartina swards (Spartinion maritimae).
From 2010 all SSNP habitats were additionally mapped and evaluated. ''Stage zero'' of the habitat status was determined.
One of the main objectives of the project LIFE MANSALT is to maintain favorable conservation status of habitats. In the frame of the LIFE project an Action Plan habitat for SSNP habitats was elaborated. Some 50ha of SSNP area (where we expected favorable succession of halophytes and halophyte vegetation) was dedicated to accurate monitoring. Our workers made some flat islands and areas/pools that were occasionally flooded. Our monitoring team monitored the area and after 2 years the success of proliferation of halophyte plants was surprising as some areas were completely overgrown with these plants. The dry areas in Fontanigge are now covered with Salicornia europaea, and Suaeda maritima. We are particularly pleased by the fact that in the monitored areas also perennial halophytes as Arthrocnemum fruticosum and Limonium angustifolium are proliferating.